Aum kharbang sthulatanum gajendra badanam lambodaram sundaram prasndanmadagandha lubdha madhupa byalola gandasthalam.Dantaghata bidaritari rudhirai sindura shovakaram bande Shaila sutasutang ganapatim sidhipradam kamadam.
Aum debendra moulimandara makaranda kanarunah bighnam harantu heramba- charanambujare namah.
Ganesha also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. The name Ganesha is a Sanskrit compound, joining the words gana meaning a group, multitude, or categorical system and isha, meaning lord or master. The word gana when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the ganas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva. Some commentators interpret the name "Lord of the Ganas" to mean "Lord of Hosts" or "Lord of created categories", such as the elements. Ganapati a synonym for Ganesha, is a compound composed of gana, meaning "group", and pati, meaning "ruler" or "lord". The Amarakosha, an early Sanskrit lexicon, lists eight synonyms of Ganesha: Vinayaka, Vighnaraja (equivalent to Vighnesha), Dvaimatura (one who has two mothers),Ganadhipa (equivalent to Ganapati and Ganesha), Ekadanta (one who has one tusk), Heramba, Lambodara (one who has a pot belly or literally, one who has a hanging belly), and Gajanana; having the face of an elephant. Vinayaka is a common name for Ganesha that appears in the Puranas and in Buddhist Tantras. This name is reflected in the naming of the eight famous Ganesha temples in Maharashtra known as the Ashtavinayak.
Creation of lord Ganesha:
Ganesha has been represented with the head of an elephant since the early stages of his appearance in Indian art. Puranic myths provide many explanations for how he got his elephant head. One of his popular forms, Heramba-Ganapati, has five elephant heads, and other less-common variations in the number of heads are known. According to shivapuranas Ganesha was created by Parvati using clay to protect her and Shiva beheaded him when Ganesha came between Shiva and Parvati. Shiva then replaced Ganesha's original head with that of an elephant. Details of the battle and where the replacement head came from vary from source to source. Another story says that Ganesha was created directly by Shiva's laughter. Because Shiva considered Ganesha too alluring, he gave him head of an elephant and a protruding belly.
Although he is known by many attributes, Ganesha's elephant head makes him easy to identify. Ganesha is widely revered as the remover of obstacles, the patron of arts and sciences and the deva of intellect and wisdom. As the god of beginnings, he is honoured at the start of rituals and ceremonies.
Family and consorts
The Shiva Purana says that Ganesha had two wifes one is Siddhi another is Buddhi who is daughter's of Prajapati Biswarup. Ganesha wife Siddhi had one son and his name is "khem" (prosperity) and Buddhi had one son and his name is Labha(profit). In northern Indian variants of this story, the sons are often said to be Subha (auspiciouness) and Labha. The 1975 Hindi film Jai Santoshi Maa shows Ganesha married to Riddhi and Siddhi and having a daughter named Santoshi Ma, the goddess of satisfaction. This story has no Puranic basis, but Anita Raina Thapan and Lawrence Cohen cite Santoshi Ma's cult as evidence of Ganesha's continuing evolution as a popular deity.
Beyond India and Hinduism:
Ganesha appears in Mahayana Buddhism, not only in the form of the Buddhist god Vinayaka, but also as a Hindu demon form with the same name. As the Buddhist god Vinayaka, he is often shown dancing. This form, called Natta Ganapati, was popular in northern India, later adopted in Nepal, and then in Tibet. In Nepal, the Hindu form of Ganesha, known as Heramba, is popular; he has five heads and rides a lion.
In northern China, the earliest known stone statue of Ganesha carries an inscription dated to 531. In Japan, where Ganesha is known as Kangiten.
Hindus migrated to Maritime Southeast Asia and took their culture, including Ganesha, with them. Statues of Ganesha are found throughout the region, often beside Shiva sanctuaries. The forms of Ganesha found in the Hindu art of Java, Bali, and Borneo show specific regional influences.The spread of Hindu culture throughout Southeast Asia established Ganesha worship in modified forms in Burma, Cambodia and Thailand. In Indochina, Hinduism and Buddhism were practiced side by side, and mutual influences can be seen in the iconography of Ganesha in the region. In Thailand, Cambodia and among the Hindu classes of the Chams in Vietnam, Ganesha was mainly thought of as a remover of obstacles. Today in Buddhist Thailand, Ganesha is regarded as a remover of obstacles, the god of success.